SEGURANÇA ENERGÉTICA, SEGURANÇA INTERNACIONAL E POLÍTICA EXTERNA CHINESA: BREVES NOTAS SOBRE SUDÃO E SUDÃO DO SUL

Renan Holanda Montenegro

Resumo


O artigo descreve, em uma clave introdutória, questões gerais relacionadas à segurança energética e à segurança internacional na política externa da China, com foco na atuação de diferentes atores ligados ao organograma estatal, nomeadamente as companhias petrolíferas e as forças armadas. Especificamente, a investigação é intermediada por breves notas referentes à presença desses atores no Sudão e no Sudão do Sul. Por um lado, o Sudão é uma das primeiras empreitadas internacionais das empresas petrolíferas chinesas. Por outro, o Sudão do Sul é o país que mais concentra tropas de combate do Exército Popular de Libertação (EPL), além de também ser um grande exportador de petróleo. Ao lançar luz para atores específicos, parte-se do entendimento que há motivações específicas de ação que não necessariamente se confundem com um interesse nacional por vezes abstrato. Assim, fincando bases na subdisciplina da Análise de Política Externa, o artigo adota uma perspectiva conceitual que tenciona ir além da percepção do Estado enquanto um ator racional unitário.


Palavras-chave


Segurança energética. Segurança internacional. China. Sudão. Sudão do Sul.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25247/2447-861X.2022.n255.p131-158

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