INSERTION OF BRAZIL IN GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS AFTER LABOR REFORM

Uallace Moreira Lima

Resumo


The process of fragmentation of production known as Global Value Chains (GVCs) has extinguished the need to acquire competence in all aspects of the production of a good and has enabled developing countries to join a cross-border cooperation network, sharing production and specializing in only one or a few stages of production activities involved in the production of a final good, making the importance of services for productive activities even more evident. Many studies have emerged to identify the main policies that could lead to greater insertion of countries in GVCs. Besides policies of openness to trade and foreign direct investment, one of the measures presented for cost reduction and greater competitiveness is labor reform. In Brazil there was a labor reform in 2017. The main argument for its implementation was the generation of more jobs, giving the country greater competitiveness to its industry and, consequently, better conditions for insertion in international trade. This paper aims to analyze the insertion of the Brazilian economy in the GVC before and after the labor reform, showing that the indicators and studies point to the fact that there was no upgrade in the insertion of the country in GVC, indicating that in Brazil  predominates a strategy of  limited insertion in the GVC, as it is based on activities related to the cost of cheap labor and low level of technological intensity, such as the production of food, beverages, textiles and shoes, among others.


Palavras-chave


Global Value Chains. Labor Reform. Brazilian Economy.

Texto completo:

PDF/A (English)

Referências


ARNDT, Sven W. Glogalisation and trade: A symposium. The World Economy, v. 20, n. 5, p. 695-707, 1997a.

ARNDT, Sven W. Globalization and the open economy. The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, v. 8, n. 1, p. 71-79, 1997b.

BALASSA, Bela. Trade liberalisation and “revealed” comparative advantage. The manchester school, v. 33, n. 2, p. 99-123, 1965.

BALDONE, Salvatore; SDOGATI, Fabio; TAJOLI, Lucia. On some effects of international fragmentation of production on comparative advantages, trade flows and the income of countries. The World Economy, v. 30, n. 11, p. 1726-1769, 2007.

BALDWIN, Richard E.; ROBERT-NICOUD, Frederic. The Impact of Trade On Intraindustry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity: A Comment. National Bureau Of Economics Research, Cambridge, 2004. Available: http://www.nber.org/papers/w10718 Access in: 20/06/2013

BALDWIN, Richard E.; ROBERT-NICOUD, Frederic. Trade-In-Goods and Trade-In-Tasks: An Integrating Framework. Bureau Of Economics Research, Cambridge, 2010. Available: http://www.nber.org/papers/w15882 Access in: 20/06/2013

BALDWIN, Richard. Trade and industrialisation after globalisation's 2nd unbundling: How building and joining a supply chain are different and why it matters. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2011. Available: https://www.nber.org/papers/w17716 Acces in: 30/05/2018

BALDWIN, Richard. Globalisation: the great unbundling (s). Economic Council of Finland, v. 20, n. 3, p. 5-47, 2006.

ESTEVADEORDAL, A.; BLYDE, J.; SUOMINEN, K. Are Global Value Chains Really Global? Policies to Accelerate Countries Access to International Production Networks. 2012. Available: http://e15initiative.org/wpcontent/uploads/2012/12/web_GVA_backgroundpaper_Are_global_value_chains_really_global.pd Access in: 20/06/2013

FEENSTRA, Robert C. Integration of trade and disintegration of production in the global economy. The journal of economic perspectives, v. 12, n. 4, p. 31-50, 1998.

GROSSMAN, Gene M.; ROSSI-HANSBERG, Esteban. Trading tasks: A simple theory of offshoring. National bureau of economic research. Working Paper 12721. Cambridge , 2006. Available: https://econpapers.repec.org/paper/nbrnberwo/12721.htm Acces in: 30/05/2019

KRUGMAN, Paul; COOPER, Richard N.; SRINIVASAN, T. N. Growing world trade: causes and consequences. Brookings papers on economic activity, v. 1995, n. 1, p. 327-377, 1995.

KRUGMAN, Paul; VENABLES, Anthony J. Globalization and the Inequality of Nations. The quarterly journal of economics, v. 110, n. 4, p. 857-880, 1995.

LEAMER, Edward E. In search of Stolper-Samuelson effects on US wages. National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996. Available: https://www.nber.org/papers/w5427 Acces in: 30/05/2018

MARKUSEN, James R.; VENABLES, Anthony J. The theory of endowment, intra-industry and multi-national trade. Journal of international economics, v. 52, n. 2, p. 209-234, 2000.

OCDE/OMC. Interconnected Economies: benefiting from global value chains. 2013. Preliminary Version. Available: http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/ oecd/science-and-technology/interconnected-economies_9789264189560-en Access in: 20/06/20013

UNCTAD, G. World investment report, global value chains: Investment and trade for development. 2013. Available: . Access in: 21/01/2015




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25247/2447-861X.2019.n248.p690-712

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Cadernos do CEAS: Revista Crítica de Humanidades
CEAS | UCSal | UNICAP
PPG em Políticas Sociais e Cidadania
Av. Cardeal da Silva, 205 – Federação.
CEP. 40231-902, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil.
E-mail: cadernosdoceas@gmail.com
ISSN (online): 2447-861X 

 

INDEXAÇÃO/DIVULGAÇÃO

Bases de Dados/Diretórios

  |  | 

 

Portais

 |   |

 

Filiação/Suporte Técnico/Identificador

 |  | 

 

Plataforma

 

Redes Sociais