PROMISES AND REALITY OF LABOR REFORM IN SOUTH KOREA

Jeong-Hee Lee

Resumo


The labor market in Korea is characterized by a 'segmented labor market' in which there exists discrimination based on enterprise size and employment type. It is believed that the labor market, along with fragmented industrial relations, has led to a vicious cycle in which inequality continues to widen. The birth of the Moon Jae-in government in May 2017, the new administration pledged to create more jobs, to reduce the number of non-regular workers, to improve their working conditions, and to build a society that respects labor. Such pledges raised hopes that the creation of an alternative labor regime would be possible to a certain extent, moving beyond the limitations of the 1987 regime. The labor world did applaud the government’s initial efforts to eradicate the so-called labor jeokpye (deep-rooted vices), convert non-regular workers into regular workers in the public sector, raise the minimum wage, and limit the maximum working hours; but now it argues that the government has changed its direction in the process of implementing the policies in the labor field. A closer look at the industrial relations in 2018 raises concerns rather than expectations.

 


Palavras-chave


Labor reform. Labor market. Labor rights.

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Referências


CENTER FOR LABOR TRENDS ANALYSIS AT KOREA LABOR INSTITUTE. Review of Labor Market and Outlook for 2019, KLI Employment & Labor Brief, Issue #85, pp.1~8, 2018.

JUNG, Heung-jun. Transitioning Period for Employment and Labor Policies, 2017 Review of Industrial Relations and Outlook for 2018. Labor Review, January Issue, pp.7~26, 2018.

KIM, Yoo-sun. ‘Structure and Issues of Korean Labor Market’. KLSI Issue paper, 105, 2019.

KIM, Yoo-sun. Korean Labor in 2016, Korea Labour Society Institute, 2016.

LEE, Jeong-Hee. Review of Industrial Relations and Outlook for 2019, Working Paper 2019-02, Korea Labor Institute, 2019.

MINISTRY OF EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR. Current Status of Korea’s Trade Unions Organization in 2017. MoEL, 2018.

SHIN, Kwang-young. Building a Society that Respects Labor and Achieving a Balanced Growth of Society, Conference of Korean Sociological Association & Economic, Social & Labor Council, A Society that Respects Labor: 21st Korean Labor and Social Development, 2018.

STATISTICS KOREA. Korean Social Trends 2018.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25247/2447-861X.2019.n248.p766-787

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